From July next year, superannuation funds are required to tell their members what investments are held in the fund. The question is, along with letting us know what they have bought on our behalf, will the funds also let us know whether they are discussing issues with management and, if so, what they discussed? Will they ask us what we think?
History does not bode well.
In 2008, a Parliamentary Committee found that institutional investors, such as superannuation funds, made decisions about whether to engage with companies based primarily on the economic cost to them. Some found engagement to be a distraction from generating investment returns. These conclusions followed earlier research in 1998 that showed active participation in company decision-making was not high on the agenda of most institutional investors. It found voting decisions made by these institutions were not transparent or prioritised.
So when we get access to all this information, what will it actually mean? Will we have any idea how long shares in companies have been held? Whether there has been any engagement with the management and whether they are engaging on issues that matter to their members.
If you had the chance to influence the senior managements of Australia’s biggest banks, Telstra or the big supermarkets, what would be most important issues to you?
- We own the companies (weownthecompanies.com)
Did you know that every person with a superannuation fund is part of the largest group of owners of Australia’s equity market and bond (debt) market? Probably not. Most people don’t.
Around 40% of the Australian equity market and 30% of the bond market are owned by institutional investors, who manage our money in superannuation funds and other pooled funds. With more than 70% of adult Australians having some form of superannuation savings, we are a formidable ownership group that is growing all the time.
The same is true of other Western economies. Some 44.9% of the UK’s equity market is owned by pooled accounts, such as UK pension funds, and mutual funds own 24% of the US stock market.
So why is it, that we are becoming more concerned about corporate behaviour but feel less able to influence decision making?
Well, we outsource the management of our money to institutional investors. Institutional investors include the superannuation funds, pension funds and professional asset managers who are sub-contracted to manage our money. Once we invest in funds, it is hard to get information about what they invest in and how active they are on our behalf.
Perhaps it is time we get involved and start asking questions. Making a profit is not a bad thing, but it is important we start weighing up what is the cost of prioritising endless profit growth.
Collectively, we could be more powerful than we think. We could use our power to get companies to manage for our long-term economic and social future again and not for the short-term gains of the stock market.